Banana is the general name given to large herbaceous plants with large, elongated leaves that grow directly from the stem. Banana stems are soft because they are formed from a layer of soft and long midrib. Slightly hard stems are at ground level. Bananas have stemmed leaves that are scattered and easily torn with a tapered stem. The size of the leaves on each banana species also varies. Banana stalks produce flowers in large numbers. The flower part of the banana will form a fruit called a comb. Bananas are grouped in one compound flower with the size getting smaller and smaller.
In taxonomy, bananas belong to the genus Musa and the family Musaceae. Various species of bananas are scattered in the Malesia region. The most widely cultivated banana species in the world is the forest banana. This type of forest banana can grow in forests, hills and in the lowlands. In addition, bananas can also be planted together with other crops such as corn and cassava.
Bananas can be harvested at any time, because the growth is suitable for all kinds of seasons. The death of a banana tree only occurs when it bears fruit only once during its lifetime. Bananas can be eaten directly or cooked first. The nutrients in bananas are beneficial for the health of the human body and can also be used as traditional medicine.
At first banana is a native plant originating from Southeast Asia, then spread to all regions of the world. From the west, bananas spread from the Atlantic Ocean to the island of Madagascar and then to the African continent and to Latin America and Central America. Meanwhile, bananas spread from the east through the Pacific Ocean to Hawaii.