Plants are part of the five groups of living things on earth. Among them are autotrophic eukaryotes, which means that their cells are very complex, capable of producing their own food. In general they can not move.
These plants include species that are well known such as trees, shrubs, herbs, ferns, grasses, vines, green algae and mosses. Scientific research on plants, also known as botany, has identified more than 350,000 extant plant species. Non-green algae and fungi are not classified as plants.
In general, plants grow in the ground, with stems in the air and roots below the soil surface. And there are several types that float on the water. The roots absorb water and nutrients that plants need to live and grow. water and nutrients rise to the stems and reach the leaves. Evaporation of water from pores in the leaves draws water through the plant. This is called transpiration.
Plants need sunlight, carbon dioxide, water and minerals to make food by photosynthesis. Green substances in plants called chlorophyll will use energy from sunlight to make food. Chlorophyll is found in leaves, in plastids, which are in leaf cells. Leaves can be considered a food maker. Plant leaves vary in shape and size, but they are always the most important plant organ for capturing sunlight. After the food is processed in the leaves, the food is transferred to other parts of the plant such as roots and stems
The word “plant” can also mean the act of putting something on the ground. For example, a farmer plants seeds in his fields.
Photosynthesis will occur in plant leaves. Leaves are the only part of the plant that can do this. This is also the way plants get their food. The process can be accelerated by adding a lot of CO2, chlorophyll and light.